Cấu trúc của các câu hỏi trong tiếng Anh

Liệu các câu hỏi trong tiếng anh có cấu trúc nào giúp bạn dễ học, dễ nhớ không? Hãy cùng Tiếng Anh ABC tìm hiểu nhé. Cấu trúc thông dụng của các câu hỏi như sau:

Simple Present Questions:

QUESTION WORDAUXILIARY VERBSUBJECTMAIN VERB
Wheredoyouwork?
WhatdoesMarthathinkabout the project?
Howdoyoulikeyour new apartment?
How many kidsdoesBobhave?

 

Simple Past Questions:

QUESTION WORDAUXILIARY VERBSUBJECTMAIN VERB
HowdidtheylearnEnglish so fast?
Whendidyouget homefrom work yesterday?
Whatdidthe managerthinkabout your idea?
Wheredidyoubuythat T-shirt?

 

Present Continuous Questions:

QUESTION WORDAUXILIARY VERBSUBJECTMAIN VERB
Whatareyoudoingat the moment?
Whyisheignoringme?
What timearewemeeting upfor dinner?
Whoisshedatingnow?

 

Past Continuous Questions:

QUESTION WORDAUXILIARY VERBSUBJECTMAIN VERB
Whowereyoutalkingto on the phone?
WhatwasJimdoingwhen you called?
Whywerethe childreneatingcandy before dinner?
Howwashefeelingafter the surgery?

 

Present Perfect Questions:

QUESTION WORDAUXILIARY VERBSUBJECTMAIN VERB
How much moneyhaveyouspenton clothes this month?
How longhasyour teacherworkedat this school?
Whathavetheybeen doingall day?
How longhasthe clientbeen waitingfor their order?

 

Future Questions:

QUESTION WORDAUXILIARY VERBSUBJECTMAIN VERB
Whowillyouinviteto the party?
Whatwillyour parentsthinkabout your plan?
Whenareyougoingto clean your room?
Whyisshegoingto quit her job?

 

Modal Questions:

QUESTION WORDAUXILIARY VERBSUBJECTMAIN VERB
Whatwouldyoudoif you had a million dollars?
Howcouldweimproveour English?
WhereshouldIgoon my next vacation?

 

Exceptions:

Câu hỏi Yes/No không dùng từ để hỏi nhưng bạn cũng có thể nhận thấy các câu hỏi đuôi tuân theo quy tắc: ASM (Auxiliary verb – Subject – Main verb)

  • Do you like bananas?
  • Did you enjoy the movie?
  • Are you studying English?
  • Were you sleeping when I called you last night?
  • Have you finished your homework?
  • Will you call me when you get home?
  • Are you going to accept the job offer?
  • Should we take the early morning flight?

Câu hỏi đuôi với động từ chính là động từ tobe thì có dạng sau:

  • Are you thirsty?
  • Is she a teacher?
  • Were your parents angry when you failed the test?
  • Was her ex-boyfriend a basketball player?